By: Lizzy

1) Article:

The Battle of Saratoga was an important turning point in the American Revolution. During the first two years of the Revolutionary War the Americans were doing poorly against the British. The Battle of Saratoga Gave the Americans confidence that they could win the war against the British. The Battle of Saratoga also helped the other countries convince that the Americans could win the war. This was an important factor in France’s decision to help the Continental Army. The French were a huge help, providing ships for the American’s small navy, needed supplies and soldiers. The Battle of Saratoga had a great impact on the Revolution.

2) Vocabulary:

Saratoga- a place in northern New York.

Contidental Army- the American army.

Confidence- reliability in a person or thing

Convince- persuade

Navy- the whole body of warships and auxiliaries belonging to a country or ruler.


Burgoyone surrenders.

Map of the Battle of Saratoga
Map of the Battle of Saratoga

Map of the Battle of Saratoga.

Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Saratoga

This picture shows the acual battle between the Britsh

and Americans.

4) Link to

On October 7, 1777 the British army tried to break through the American lines in Saratoga, New York. The Continental Army pursued the British Army further into Saratoga. A few days later General Burgoyne surrendered his army. This map shows the troops movements and details of this battle.

5) Primary Source:

Events that Occurred in the Battle of Saratoga

By: Jasmine Bar

1) The Battle of Saratoga was not one battle but a handful of battles. It started when British General John Burgoyne came up with a plan to take away New York from the Americans. His plan required a meeting of three forces at Saratoga, NY. The plan was that Burgoyne would move south from Canada and he planned to meet at Albany with Generals Barry St. Leger and William Howe. St. Leger was to travel east from Fort Oswego via Lake Onratio. Lastly, Howe was to march north from Virginia. Then, they would attack and take over New York. However, Burgoyne’s plan didn’t work. Howe never received the message about what he was supposed to do so he went to Philadelphia instead. Burgoyne was stopped by American General Benedict Arnold at Saratoga. The only person who actually made it to Albany was St. Leger. On October 17th, 1777, General Burgoyne surrendered most of his army to General Horatio Gates of America. The factors that influence the strategy and outcome of battle are communication, wisdom, patience, approach, and time. For example, the 3 British leaders; Burgoyne, St. Leger, and Howe communicated better maybe they would’ve taken over New York. Another example is that if Burgoyne was not so confident in his plan then maybe he would’ve considered it more carefully and looked at the things that could’ve gone wrong. This also could change the outcome of events. The Battle of Saratoga was a very important battle in the American Revolution.
2) Vocabulary
a. required- needed
b. Fort Oswego-important frontier post for British traders in the 18th century
c. Lake Ontario-one of the five Great Lakes of America
d. influence- having force or effect on something
e. considered- deeply thought about or decided upon with care


4) Link:
5) Primary Source Document
Upon General Howe's arrival to New York in 1776, a loyalist wrote this about him:
"He comes, he comes, the Hero comes,
Sound, sound your trumpets, beat your drums.
From port to port let cannon roar
Howe's welcome to this Western shore."

General Howe was a hero for the British and the loyalists. So, this loyalist welcomed him with great enthusiasm and happiness.

6)10 Facts about the Battle of Saratoga:
1. General John Burgoyne was the one who invented the British strategy of “divide and conquer”.
2. The French joined the Americans after the Battle of Saratoga because the Americans won. So, the French saw that the Americans actually had a chance of winning
3. Benedict Arnold helped the Americans greatly during the Battle of Saratoga but later turned on them and joined the British.
4. 5,985 British and Hessian troops surrendered in the Battle of Saratoga.
5. The Battle of Saratoga victory for the Americans prevented the British from cutting off the 4 New England colonies from the remaining 9 colonies.
6. At Victory Mill, the site of British Surrender is marked by the Saratoga Monument, with its famous "missing statue" of Benedict Arnold.
7. There are three statues representing important figures in the Battle of Saratoga of Gates, Morgan, and Schuyler.
8. The British force had 5,000 British, Brunswickers, Canadians and Indians.
9. After the British surrender the American force had about 12,000 to 14,000 militia and troops.
10. The British wore redcoats and bearskin caps, leather caps, or tricorne caps when fighting. The American were not as professionally dressed.

7) Works Cited
"Battle of Saratoga 1777." N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb 2011.
"Social Studies for Kids." N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Feb 2011.
Garcia, Jesus. Creating American A History of the United States. 21. Evanston, Illinois: McDougal Littell, 2003. Print.