Evacuation on Manhattan and Battle of White Plains

The battle of White Plains took place in New York State on October 28th 1776. After the Battle of Long Island the British army, commanded by Lt. Gen. William Howe, forced the American army, commanded by Gen. George Washington, off of Manhattan Island. Howe followed Washington slowly out of New York City into the countryside.
After Washington abandoned Manhattan Island, he deployed his force in a defensive line in Westchester County, with the northern part at White Plains. White Plains was located 20 miles northeast of New York City. It was a rural and sparsely populated farming community. The terrain consisted of gently rolling hills through which ran the Bronx River Valley. His objective was to escape the encircling grasp of the British while evacuating tons of supplies before they could be captured by the superior British force.
The Army's Equiptment

By: Allie

1)
Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorne hats depending on what kind of soldier they were. The British wore red coats and leather crested helmets. The German wore blue coats and retained the Prussian style grenadier mitre with brass front plate. The Americans dressed as best they could. Increasingly as the war progressed regular infantry regiments of the Continental Army wore blue uniform coats but the militia continued in rough clothing. Both sides were armed with muskets and guns. The Pennsylvania regiments carried long, small calibre, rifled weapons.
2)

Tricorne- a tree cornered hat
Mitre- a type of headgear now known as the traditional, ceremonial head-dress

Infantry- soldiers who are specifically trained for the role of fighting on foot to engage the enemy face to face and have historically borne the brunt of the casualties of combat in wars.
Regiment - a military unit
Militia- military force composed of ordinary citizens
3)
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4) http://www.theamericanrevolution.org/battledetail.aspx?battle=11
5)
Battle-Plains-White-001.jpgWashington's forces leave Manhattan after the battle of Harlem Heights. The British move troops up the East River to Long Island Sound and then march overland to White Plains where the armies clash again. They break off pursuit of the Americans and head south to capture their last strong holds, Fort Washington and Fort Lee on the Hudson. Washington and his battered army flee south to Trenton.


6)

  1. Officers in charge: British General William Howe, brother of Admiral Richard Howe, and commander of land forces. General George Washington, Commander of the Continental Army
  2. Size of armies-British 13,000 including Hessians, Americans 14,500 (militia from 6 different states) but about 4000 soldiers engaged on both sides
  3. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorner hats. The German infantry wore blue coats. The Americans dressed as best they could in blue uniforms or rough clothing.
  4. Arms and equipment: Both sides were armed with muskets and guns.
  5. Site of the Battle: White Plains was located 20 miles northeast of New York City. It was a rural and sparsely populated farming community with gently rolling hills through which ran the Bronx River Valley.
  6. Weather: The battle occurred during stormy weather with heavy rains and wind.
7. Chatterton's Hill: Washington mistakenly left this area unprotected and Howe was able to occupy it during the battle taking the advantage.
8. Casualties: British casualties were 313 killed and wounded. The Americans lost about 300 killed, wounded and captured.
9. Winner: The Americans were driven back, but were able to leave their White Plain position and march into New Jersey,. The British returned to Manhattan. Generally considered to have been a drawn battle.
10. Important consequence: Howe returned to Manhattan and captured Fort Washington. The Americans never regained the fort and this loss started Washington’s retreat to the Delaware River.

7)
- littell, McDougal. "the americvan revolution." the early years or the war. ed. mcdougal littel, 2003. Print.
By: Allie


 Battle of White Plains
How did it start?

By: Emme

1.) Article
Copy and paste at school ( already done it)

2.) Vocab
Copy and paste at school (already done it)

3.) PICTURES WITH CAPTIONS

HOWE.gif


This is General William Howe. He is a General for the BRITISH!











portrait_of_george_washington.jpg
This is General George Washington. He is a General for the Americans!




battle_of_white_plains_took_place.jpg
This is where the Battle of White Plains took place. This is the Hidson River.


4.) Link to Another Site
Copy and paste it at school. (already have it)

5.) Primary Source Document


6.) 10 fun facts

1.) Date: The battle was fought on October 28th of 1776

2.) Battles: This was the first battle after the Battle of Harlem

3.) British/ What they did: British general William Howe moved his troops up up the East River to cut off General George Washington communtication with New England

4.) Americans: General George Washington and 13,00 men fought along with him

5.) British: General William Howe and 14,500 mean fought along with him

6.) General William Howe: He was born August 10, 1729. He was the son of Emanuel Howe

7.) General George Washington: He was born in 1732 into a Virginia planter family

8.) Winner: No one exactly won the battle becuase it was condidered to be called a drawn battle

9.) Forts/Captured: The British captured Fort Washington. This a big disadvanatge for the Americans.

10.) Americans/ what they did: On October 23, he left 2,000 of his best soldiers at Fort Washington in northwestern Manhattan and began a march with the remainder of his force northward into Westchester County

William Howe
By: Katherine
Article:
William Howe was a British general who, in the American Revolution commanded troops at Bunker Hill and took over from the former general, Thomas Gage. He followed his brothers, and after graduating from Eton joined the military like them. He was in several wars and groups prior to the American Revolution, such as the 60th regiment (major) and Cumberland’s Light Dragoons (lieutenant and captain). In the American Revolution, Howe took over from the former general Thomas Gage and led his troops through many dangers and difficulties, for about 3 years, before writing to England to ask if he could retire. When he was granted permission, he left for England where he no longer fought, but remained active in the military by being the privy counselor and Lieutenant General of Ordnance. Howe died on July 12th, 1814 after a prolonged illness while he was governor of Plymouth.
5 Vocabulary Words:
Bunker Hill: the first major battle of the American Revolution
Eton: a public school for boys founded in 1440
Regiment: a unit of ground forces, consisting of two or more battalions or battle groups, a headquarters unit, and certain supporting units
Lieutenant: commissioned officer ranking between lieutenant junior grade and lieutenant commander
Privy Counselor: body of persons who advise the sovereign in matters of state, the majority of members being selected by the prime minister
Picture: See Above

Link to Another Site:
http://www.patriotresource.com/amerrev/people/britisharmy/howe.html

Primary Source Document:
He comes, he Comes, The Hero Comes:
Sound, Sound your trumpets beat your drums.
From port to port let cannons roar
Howe’s welcome to the Western shore.
Upon General William Howe’s Approach in 1776,
A Loyalist Penned those Lines
This poem was written by a colonist who supported the British, and therefore supported William Howe. In his writings, he portrays Howe as a hero, and one that needs to be greatly celebrated. He writes telling people to beat their drums and sound their trumpets as William Howe comes near. He welcomes the hero to “the western shore” and celebrates him.

10 Fun Facts:

1. William Howe was born on August 10th 1729
2. He was the uncle of King George III (not legally-his Grandmother was the mistress of King George I)
3. He defeated George Washington twice
4. He went to school at Eton
5. His eldest brother died in 1758
6. He was the governor of both the Island of Wight (1768) and Berwick (1795
7. Even after resigning, Howe was still active in the war and war plans for Britain
8. He was blamed by some for failing to win the war
9. He was a privy councilor when he died
10. William Howe died on July 12th 1814, because of a prolonged illness
Works Cited:
Hickman, Kennedy. "American revolution: General William Howe." Military History. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb 2011.