BOSTON MASSACRE

By: Julia F./ Allie H./ and Emma B.

The Boston Massacre took place in the year of 1770. To be exact, the Boston Massacre led to the death of five civilians at the hands of the British Redcoats on March 5, 1770. This was the spark to beginnings of the American Revolutionary War. The Boston Massacre started this war which went on for 8 years (1775-83).

The Boston Massacre was a street fight between a "patriots" mob, throwing snowballs, stones, and sticks, and a squad of British soldiers. Several colonists were killed and this led to the tragedy being used as anti British propaganda. The Boston Massacre was a signal event leading to the Revolutionary War.


British General and Royal Governor Thomas Gage (1719-1787)
By: Allie H.

#3.

Thomas_Gage.jpg


#1.General Thomas Gage was a dedicated military commander and colonial officer whose aggressive actions against the colonists contributed to the American Revolution. Gage was born to an aristocratic family in Firle, Sussex, England in 1719. After completing school, he was commissioned as an ensign in the British Army. In 1754, Gage, as a Lieutenant Colonel, was sent to America where he served with George Washington and others during the French and Indian War. In 1764, Gage succeeded General Amherst and became the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in America.

As Parliament passed the Stamp Act and the Townshend Acts, tensions between the colonists and Britain grew. In 1768, Gage sent troops to Boston to protect English custom officials and establish a garrison there. More and more troops were brought into the city. Colonists were angry. Their antagonism grew when the Quartering Acts required them to house thousands of soldiers. On March 5, 1770, the tensions turned into violence. A mob formed in front of the Customs House and threw snow and rocks at the soldiers. After several hours, the soldiers fired back at the mob and killed 5 colonists including Crispus Attucks. At the trial later that year most of the soldiers were acquitted, but the Sons of Liberty used the Boston Massacre as anti-British propaganda.

Gage went on to become the Royal Governor of Massachusetts in 1774 and the most powerful British official in the colonies. His strict enforcement of the Intolerable Acts stirred opposition among Bostonians. In April 1775, his order to seize munitions stored by rebels in Concord let to the Battles at Lexington and Concord and the start of the American Revolution. In April 1776, Gage was officially removed from the American command and went into semi-retirement. He died in April 1787.

#2.Vocabulary

Massacre-brutal slaughter of people
Antagonism-active hostility
Munitions- ammunition, equipment
Ensign- a commissioned rank in the army or navy below a lieutenant
Propaganda- information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement institution, etc.

#4.

To learn more about Thomas Gage you can go to “American Revolution: General Thomas Gage” at http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/gage.htm or

Boston Tea Party Facts at
http://bostonteapartyfacts.com/the-boston-massacre.php


#5. Primary Source Document:Quote from Letter From General Thomas Gage to Lord Barrington in 2 The Correspondence of General Thomas Gage with the Secretaries of State, and with the War Office and the Treasury 1763-1775, page 532 (Clarence Edwin Carter, editor, 1933).
In this quote from a letter of General Gage, the commanding officer states that he believes the British soldiers were deliberately provoked to fire at the Boston Massacre as part of a plan of protest and unrest:

“The commander of troops in Boston believed that his men had been deliberately provoked: part of a plan by which the "People of Boston… concerted a general rising on the Night of the 5th of March".2

Available at http://matrix.msu.edu/hst/iah221c/mats/reid.pdf


#6. Crossword Puzzle: Thomas Gage and the Boston Massacre


Could not copy cross word puzzle to wiki.

ACROSS
2 Building where customs officials worked and Boston Massacre took place
4 African-American killed during the Boston Massacre
6 Month in 1770 when Boston Massacre took place
7 Number of colonists killed during Boston Massacre
9 Famous American who fought with Gage during the French and Indian War
10 Colony where Gage was Governor
11Housing soldiers

DOWN
1 Group that used Boston Massacre as propaganda
3 Birthplace of Thomas Gage
5 Government body that passed the taxation acts
8 City where Gage garrisoned his troops


#7. Works Cited

“American Revolution: Thomas Gage” by Kennedy Hickman. Accessed at: http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/gage.htm

“British General Thomas Gage” by Scott Cummings. PatriotResource.com. Accessed at:
http://www.patriotresource.com/amerrev/people/britisharmy/gage.html

“The loss we have sustained is greater than we can bear.”




2.
Crispus Attucks By:Emma heh.jpgCrispus Attucks<3

1. Crispus Attucks and many other british colonist formed a group against the British soldiers. They saw soldiers and through snowballs. The British did not open fire. Crispus Attucks was armed with a club, and started hitting a soldier. Within a minute Attucks lay dead.

British soldiers stood trial on accusations of manslaughter. They were found not guilty with the help of John Adams. John Adams was consider to be a good person in our history. He did defend the British and say That Attucks was a trouble-maker though. Many people attended Attucks's and other hurt colonists funeral.

3. Crispus Attucks- Took part in Boston Massacre

Colonist- A member of a colonizing place
Armed- Has a weapon
Trial- the examination before a judicial tribunal of the facts put in issue in a cause, often including issues of law as well as those of fact.
Accusations- To assume something without full proof

4. Google search Crispus Attucks and you will find lots of information.

5. http://www.essortment.com/all/crispusattucks_rhqa.htm

6.
C G A C B U L C T P B I R N SV A G G N I T H G I F E O K IG I H X X Q O X J J T T C F OQ F M D S R N C D H S U D S AD R G A A M H J G O T R E R JE Q P Y S W A U B T C B F E QR O I I C S A D A T Y Y E I AI K G G L L A S A R S Q N D DF G Z B S S U C M N Y N D L QS R K N M P Q A R V H V X O RT E A Q S Z X C R E R O T S VW M D I L A I R T G R U J Y VL H R I I D B R I T I S H P LD C H J F B M N U G D Y H R DA R C O L O N I S T S Y A U O
Boston
Fired
British
Gun
Club
John Adams
Colonist
Manslaughter
Crispus Attucks
Massacre
Defend
Soldiers
Fighting
Trial

7. No books read. Work Cited same website as my pirmary source documents.


http://www.imdb.com/video/wab/vi1062311961/ ( Video on Crispus Attucks and more :) )


Engraving on Paul Revere:

By: Julia F.

#1.
The engraving of Paul Revere shows there was a blue sky. The riot has always begun after nine o'clock on a cold winter night. Also notice that there is no snow nor is there ice. After a black man dies, it is shown that Crispus attacks emerge as the most famous of the black men to fight in cause of the Revolution, known as the first martyr.

Paul Revere was encouraged to make his engraving by the drawings of the Boston Massacre by Henry Pelham. Three weeks after Revere finished with his masterpiece, it was advertised and flooded the market. Henry Pelham's drawings weren't being bought by as many people as Paul Revere's engraving.

His Engraving was very important to the Boston Massacre because this masterpiece was so detailed and showed exactly what had happened during the riots, that people couldn't wait to buy it. Both Paul Revere's drawings and Henry Pelham's drawing were an inspiration to people about the Boston Massacre.


#2. Vocabulary:
  • Paul Revere- warned the colonists that British were coming in the American Revolution
  • Henry Pelham- drew the first drawing of the Boston Massacre
  • Paul Revere's Engraving- showed details on what happened during the Boston Massacre
  • Crispus Attacks- first fights in the revolution


#3. Paul Revere's Engraving:
Paul Revere's Engraving of the Boston Massacre
Paul Revere's Engraving of the Boston Massacre



#4. http://www.bostonmassacre.net.

#5. Boston Massacre:
external image 2cris2378b.jpg&sa=X&ei=Hx4jTcOAHYSclgeqlqzOCw&ved=0CAUQ8wc4AQ&usg=AFQjCNF3wCrKbdys3aDkcvadn1WXocW9ug


#6. Poem
Persistent
Awesome
Unique
Loyal

Revenge
Exciting
Very smart
Energetic
Riding
Extraordinary


#7. Works Cited:
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/images/2cris2378b.jpg

http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/enlargement.html

http://www.bostonmassacre.net/contact.htm