THE BOSTON MASSACRE

By: Julia M. and Brigitte O.



The Boston Massacre was an event leading up to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre was indeed not a massacre of lives, rather the result of a quarrel between British soldiers and angered American colonists in the street. This incident took place on March 5, 1770. The name ‘The Boston Massacre’ was just an exaggeration of the American journalists to rally up the colonists. But the British, back in England, were saying that the colonists were just shook up and exaggeration had taken over some people’s minds. As you can see, this was a two sided occurrence surrounded by lies and amplification. Now you’ll see just how tragic this event really was…


1.

British View:

By Julia M.

A British soldier’s life wasn’t as great as some thought. The pay was little and they were required to buy their own food and uniforms. They were dragged away from their families and sent off to a new place. They were forced to find their own housing with the colonists but the colonist boycotted quartering. If they were to do anything wrong they were severely punished. The Boston Massacre was just a riot getting out of control, in the British soldiers eyes. They were just standing there doing their job when the colonists started to protest. They called and shouted at the soldiers, cursing and hitting them. The colonists were shouting about their “unalienable rights” and the soldiers didn’t know what to do. The first shot was an accident, one of the soldiers was hit with a club by a colonist and his first reaction was to pull the trigger.

After the first shot was fired the soldier realized what he had started. As one of the colonists fell to the ground, the riot began to turn into a brawl. More colonists came to the fight, and the British soldiers panicked. The colonists crowed them and called them horrible and awful names. Reflexively protecting themselves, the soldiers had to continue to fire at the colonists. As more people became injured, the soldiers were being put into an even worse situation. Soon the riot, brawl, deathbed for some was over, 5 were left dead and many were injured. The British soldiers were held on trial. They regretted that innocent lives were taken away but, what was done were in-the-moment actions. No one expected some to be dead in the end, but really what soldiers did was common defense. They shouldn’t have been blamed for the deaths.


1.

American Colonists View

By: Brigitte O.

American colonists are people who have decided to come to America from England. There are many reasons that people leave New England, but right now there are many colonists here and Britain has sent over troops of Red Coats to ensure that we don’t settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. The British say it was in the Proclamation of 1763. We Americans don’t like it that the English think that they have control over us. We enjoy teasing the soldiers because they just stand in the street motionless. They aren’t allowed to hurt us because they don’t have any houses so there was a law made that they have to live with us. Americans really despise that quartering law. Today all laws were put aside and lives were taken. Here is how it happened.

It was March 5, 1770. The British soldiers were standing on the sidewalk and taunting the American colonists, just standing there. The colonists hated the British for sending troops to “protect” them. The Americans felt like young children having soldiers everywhere like nannies. They thought that since they had moved to America, they would be free, but that’s not true. The British were taxing the colonists. For example, the Sugar Act put a tax on sugar and molasses. Then the Tea Act taxed all tea. The colonists are very annoyed by now. They can’t take it anymore. So on the evening of March 5, 1770, they let it go. The colonists were boiling mad so they were throwing snowball rocks at the soldiers who couldn’t do anything about it. So the soldiers watched as the colonists were joined by more and more angry people. The colonists had enough anger in them to form a riot and that’s just what happened. The riot got so rowdy that they backed the British troop against a wall and scared them a little. The British put out their guns. The command was not to fire, but no one anticipated what happened next. Soldiers began to fire into the crowd. Americans fell to the ground, dying. After a while the British retreated and left the colonists in grief. What had started as a teasing snowball fight had led to the Boston Massacre.


2. Vocabulary:

(Julia)

Boycotted: the refusal to buy certain goods

Quartering: an act forcing people to house solders in 1765

Unalienable: unable to be taken away

Boston Massacre: a riot taking place March 5, 1770 where some lives of patriots were lost

Riot: a noisy, violent public disorder caused by a group people, protesting against another group, such as a government policy


2. Vocabulary:

(Brigitte)

1. Proclamation of 1763 – The proclamation which states that the colonists may not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.

2. Quartering – The law passed that colonists had to let British soldiers live with them.

3. Sugar Act – The act passed by the British government that put a tax on all sugar, molasses, and other products in the colonies.

4. Tea Act – An act passed by parliament that taxed the colonies on tea.

5. Boston Massacre – The killing of five American colonists by British soldiers who were being harassed by a crowd of American residents on March 5, 1770


3. Picture:

(Julia)

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3. Picture

(Brigitte)

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British shoot into the crowd. Putting the Massacre with Boston.


4. For more information please go to: http://www.bostonmassacre.net/british.htm

(Julia)


4. For more facts on the Boston Massacre, visit this site:

[[http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre.html]]

(Brigitte)


5. Primary Source Document

(Julia)

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5. Primary Source Document

(Brigitte)

external image Boston%20Massacre%20Revere.jpg


6.

For some extra fun with the Boston Massacre, check out this word search:

(Julia)

B L I O K O S X Q S M S P U E R O E S F W Y K T A T T N B C E B S X T F Z O C T U A A O I B E N T D S I A F O L O N Y T E R G E O R I C H I R C G C S L S A N T N F L E R M D O O U S T J A I K M N A R S E W T J H E P P P L A A T Y S R W T M T R U O C B L X S E O J Q F R H B O P L G S I W S A L Z E T P A L E G L Y I K F A S F A K K C H S I L G N E N P C I H W X K G N I R E T R A U Q R N L Z S M M U S K E T S E M Q E G C O L O N I E S Q U P P X Q M

BOSTON MASSACRE BOYCOTT COLONIES COURT DEATH ENGLISH JUSTICE KILLING LOBERSTERBACKS LOYALISTS MUSKETS OFFICERS PATRIOTS QUARTERING REBELS REDCOATS RIOT ROCKS TEASING UNALIENABLE


6. The Boston Massacre

Can you lead the colonist home safely?

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external image 25389mgkah.png


7. Boston Massacre Historical Society. January 2, 2011 http://www.bostonmassacre.net.

(Julia)


7. Works Cited:

"Boston Massacre." Early American Historical Events. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jan 2011. http://www.earlyamerica.com/review/winter96/massacre.html

(Brigitte)


Quiz

Fill in the blanks with the vocabulary.

Vocabulary

Riot

Quarter

Unalienable

Tea Act

Boston Massacre

Boycott

Sugar Act

Boston Massacre

Proclamation of 1763

Fill in the blank with the correct vocabulary.

1. Parliament passed the blank to get more value for their tea.

2. The blank made sure that the colonists settled to the east.

3. The British enforced the blank to be sure that the colonist’s tea was not sweet.

4. The colonists had to blank British troops.

5. The blank was an exaggerated title of a small skirmish.

6. Protesters sometimes end up in a blank.

7. The blank happened on March 5, 1770

8. Blank rights are something that can’t be taken away

9. When the British troops had nowhere to stay the colonist would obey blank law

10. Some people may blank a product if they think it is overpriced